Yevgeniya, a divorced mother, is very devoted to her only son, Sasha. When she lets him vacation with his father, he comes back a changed person and tells her that he does not want to live with her anymore, and wishes to move to Novosibirsk. As a portrait of a woman unravelled, this film forms a diptych with Brief Encounters. Both are shot in achingly poetic black-and-white. Both are about the nature of romance, even if it's a romance between mother and son, which Muratova proposes as a metaphor for any male-female relationship. Finally, both films are astonishing portraits of unconventional women, and the pain of yearning, impulsive, irrational loves.

The Long Farewell was Muratova’s most lyrical film, a delicate, heart-breaking portrait of loneliness and unrequited longing, yet was banned for almost twenty years. The Soviet censors thought the film had a “deliberately complicated style”, too much “absorption with formal experiments” and was “lacking in realism and motivation”; in short, untowardly bourgeois and inusfficiently optimistic in its portrayal of Yevgeniya. Ian Christie notes that The Long Farewell’s “almost unbearable tension is explored in a series of fluid, inventive sequences, which bring visual sophistication with acting and music to match…[that] show Muratova [to be] streets ahead of her (male) contemporaries”. Muratova experimented with editing and her penchant for repetition, describing her iterative process in an interview in 1988:

“In The Long Farewell, the love of editing became a principle. I filmed various scenes several times in order to be able to select the best take, and I used nearly all of that double material. I threw away very little. You will have noticed the many repetitions in the film. This wasn’t planned in advance… Every film has its own life... The material contains one way of editing, one optimal use of all possibilities. That’s what I’m trying to extract.”

Keen to discover new talents, especially actors, many of whom became major stars of Russian cinema, Muratova’s revelation here was Zinaida Sharko, who plays the impulsive and fragile Yevgeniya, turning The Long Farewell into a profound exploration of motherhood, attachment, and femininity. —Elena Gorfinkel

Kira Muratova

Kira Muratova (1934–2018), one of the most significant and original voices of Russian-language cinema, made 22 films over the course of six decades. Born in Romania (present-day Moldova) to a Romanian mother and Russian father, both committed Revolutionaries, she trained in film at Moscow’s VGIK, and after graduating was hired by the Odessa Film Studio. She continued to live and work in Odessa, Ukraine for her entire career. Her idiosyncratic films, frequently featuring unconventional women protagonists, transgressive theatricality, and inventive formal experiment, were severely censored and suppressed during the Soviet era, yet drew belated recognition during perestroika and after as political tides shifted. Her most internationally recognised masterpiece, a feverish vision of late Soviet life, The Asthenic Syndrome (1989) received a Grand Jury Prize at Berlinale. In the 1990s and 2000s, she received five Nika Awards—Russia's main national prize for films—among them for Best Director for Passions and The Tuner. She was the recipient of a Shevchenko National Prize, a Leopard of Honour at Locarno, and the first Andrzej Wajda Freedom Prize. Retrospectives of her films have been presented at International Film Festival Rotterdam and Film Society of Lincoln Centre, and a forthcoming retrospective will take place at Cinematheque Française.

Filmography

Eternal Homecoming (2012), Melody for a Street Organ (2009), Dummy (2007), Two in One (2007), The Certificate (2005), The Tuner (2004), Chekhovian Motifs (2002), Second Class Citizens (2001), Letter to America (1999), Three Stories (1997), Passions (1994), The Sentimental Policeman (1992), The Asthenic Syndrome (1989), Change of Fate (1987), Among Grey Stones (1983), Getting to Know the Big, Wide World (1978), Russia (1972), The Long Farewell (1971), Brief Encounters (1967), Our Honest Bread (with Aleksandr Muratov, 1964), By the Steep Ravine (with Aleksandr Muratov, 1962), Spring Rain (with Aleksandr Muratov, 1957)